The island of St. Lucia which is in the Windward Islands in the eastern Caribbean has a population comprising of different nationalities. The Africans are the predominant group and represent 81% of the population. Another group representing 11.9% is a mix of other races. The descendants of the British, Irish and French colonists make up 2.4% and there are other unnamed ethnic groups accounting for 3.1% and a 1.6% representing the descendants of the Amerindians and Arawak-Caribs.
English is the official language in St. Lucia, but the majority of the people (80%) speak Antillean Creole. This language is a mix of the French, African and Carib languages. Antillean Creole is gradually being introduced in music and literature and is coming to be accepted officially. St. Lucia has membership in the La Francophonie organization.
When compared to the population in other countries of the world, St. Lucia has produced the highest ratio of Nobel laureates. There are two winners; Sir Arthur Lewis and Derek Walcott. Sir Arthur Lewis was the winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1979. Derek Walcott won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1192. Interestingly, both men were born on January 23, 1915 and 1930 respectively.
The French domination during the earlier years of colonial rule included evangelizing of the people has influenced the population immensely so much so that approximately 70% of the people are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups include Anglicans (2%), Seventh day Adventists (7%), Pentecostals (6%), Evangelical Christianity and Baptist (2%) and Rastafarism accounts for 2%.
Most St. Lucians migrate mainly to Anglophone countries. The United Kingdom has approximately 10,000 citizens who were born in Saint Lucia and more than 30,000 of its citizen are of Saint Lucian heritage. St. Lucians have chosen the United States as their second most popular destination; approximately 14,000 reside there. Canada is also one of the countries that St. Lucians have chosen to reside in and a few thousand are living there. While there are less than 50 St. Lucian citizens residing in other countries, Spain has 124 and France has 117.